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Mongolia to be connected with Nepal via railway - obrázek

Mongolia to be connected with Nepal via railway - obrázek

Nepal has endorsed an agreement that will enable it to connect the railway lines it is planning to develop with Asian and European rail networks. The Republica daily has reported on December 21, 2011 that a cabinet meeting held last week approved the Inter-governmental Agreement on Trans-Asia Railway Network. More...

"Approval of the agreement is a demonstration of the government's commitment to enter into the Trans-Asia Railway Network. This will greatly facilitate movement of people and goods via Nepal to other Asian and European countries," railway department director general Ram Kumar Lamsal stated to Republica.

"We will immediately send the ratification paper to UN once the parliament ratifies it."

The agreement was signed in Busan, South Korea under the UN Economic and Social Commission Asia and the Pacific. Along with Nepal, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Laos, Mongolia, South Korea, Russia, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Vietnam are signatories to the agreement.

Thus far, China, India, Thailand, Cambodia, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Russia and South Korea have ratified the agreement.

The Trans-Asian Railway (TAR) is a project to create an integrated freight railway network across Europe and Asia. The TAR is a project of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). The TAR was seen as a way to accommodate the huge increases in international trade between Eurasian nations and facilitate the increased movements of goods between countries. It was also seen as a way to improve the economies and accessibility of landlocked countries like Laos, Afghanistan, Mongolia, and the Central Asian republics.

By 2001, the TAR network was initially divided into four major corridors had been studied as part of the plan:

- The Northern Corridor will link Europe and the Pacific, via Germany, Poland, Belarus, Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, and the Koreas, with breaks of gauge at the Polish-Belarusian border (1,435 mm to 1,520 mm), the Kazakhstan-Chinese border (1,520 mm to 1,435 mm), and the Mongolian-Chinese border (1,520 mm to 1,435 mm). The 5,750 miles (9,250 km) Trans-Siberian Railway covers much of this route and currently carries large amounts of freight from East-Asia to Moscow and on to the rest of Europe. Due to political problems with North Korea, freight from South Korea must currently be shipped by sea to the port of Vladivostok to access the route.

- The Southern Corridor will go from Europe to Southeast Asia, connecting Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Thailand, with links to China's Yunnan Province and, via Malaysia, to Singapore. Gaps exist between India and Myanmar, between Myanmar and Thailand, between Thailand and Cambodia, between Cambodia and Vietnam and between Thailand and Yunnan. The section in eastern Iran between Bam and Zahedan has been completed. Breaks of gauge occur, or will occur, at the Iran-Pakistan border (1,435 mm to 1,676 mm), the India-Myanmar border (1,676 mm to 1,000 mm), and to China (1,000 mm to 1,435 mm).

- A Southeast Asian network; this primarily consists of the Kunming-Singapore railway.

- The North-South Corridor will link Northern Europe to the Persian Gulf. The main route starts in Helsinki, Finland, and continues through Russia to the Caspian Sea, where it splits into three routes: a western route through Azerbaijan, Armenia, and western Iran; a central route across the Caspian Sea to Iran via ferry; and an eastern route through Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan to eastern Iran. The routes converge in the Iranian capital of Tehran and continue to the Iranian port of Bandar Abbas.

Source: InfoMongolia


05.07.2013 17:08:51
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